Did you know that one in five people under 55 will experience a stroke, or that a stroke occurs in Australia every ten minutes?
National Stroke Week is an opportunity to revisit knowledge to manage Australia’s second biggest killer. Applying the ‘Think FAST‘ test (Facial weakness, Arm weakness, Speech difficulties and Time to act) can trigger carers to ‘Act FAST’ in this medical emergency.
Thrombolysis using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (Actilyse®) within 4.5 hours of an ischaemic stroke remains a vital contribution to restoring blood flow to the brain, reducing the likelihood of major cerebral oedema, and maximising clinical outcomes. Patients should be strictly monitored for intracranial haemorrhage.
Triple-H therapy (hypervolaemia, hypertension, and haemodilution) has not demonstrated significant improvement in outcomes, and is still regarded as experimental.
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- National Stroke Foundation. eStroke. Melbourne, Australia. Available from www.estroke.com.au. Accessed 10 September 2014.